Someone must design and build the schools, hospitals, water systems, roads and other infrastructure that make modern life possible. Developing and supervising the construction of these large projects and systems is the job of the civil engineer. It is a highly skilled occupation that requires years of training and combines formal education with practical experience
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways. Civil engineering is traditionally broken into several sub-disciplines. It is considered the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering. Civil engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.
Civil engineering is everything you see that’s been built around us, the kinds of things we take for granted but would find life very hard to live without.
Amongst all branches of engineering, the application of civil engineering is the broadest and the most visible. Demand for civil engineers is rising in many countries around the globe due to extensive implementation of various constructional and infrastructural projects.
Employment of civil engineers is projected to grow 20 percent from 2012 to 2022, which is also much faster than the average for all occupations.
As infrastructure ages, civil engineers will be needed to manage projects to rebuild bridges, repair roads, and upgrade levees and dams. Plus, water systems must be maintained to reduce or eliminate leaks of drinkable water.
The work of civil engineers will be needed also for renewable energy projects. Among other things, they prepare the permit documents for these types of projects, verifying the project will comply with state, federal, and local requirements.
Prospective civil engineers must complete a bachelor’s degree, which usually takes about four years. If you choose to earn a master’s in civil engineering as well, you can add a couple of years to that. Accreditations by respective country, state or province board is also necessary and required.
The sub-disciplines posted below will give you a clearer view of how vast civil engineering is
- Construction Engineering
- Coastal Engineering
- Earthquake Engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering
- Material science and Engineering
- Structural Engineering
- Transportation Engineering
- Municipal and Urban Engineering
- Water resources Engineering
- Civil Engineering
What does a Civil Engineering Company Do?
A civil engineering company can specialize in one kind of engineering or offer several different aspects of various engineering fields, usually ones that tie up with each other in some way or other.
A civil engineer’s job is quite a lot more involved than one would initially imagine. The good news is that civil engineers are highly trained and experienced professionals and technicians who are able to deliver an important and exacting service to a wide and diverse client base. Thus a civil engineering company is involved in every aspect of a construction project, right down to the last drop of cement